If there is one person who could have averted history, it was surely the Titanic captain, Edward John Smith.
Who was Edward John Smith?
Born on January 27, 1850, in Hanley, Staffordshire, England, Captain Edward J. Smith joined the White Star Line in 1880 as the Fourth Officer of the SS Celtic. He served aboard liners to Australia and to New York, where he quickly rose in stature.
As one of the world’s most experienced sea captains, Smith was called upon to take the lead ship’s first command in a new class of ocean liners, the Olympic, the largest vessel in the world at that time. The maiden voyage from Southampton to New York was successfully concluded on 21 June 1911, but as the ship was docking in New York harbour, a small incident took place. Docking at Pier 59 under the command of Captain Smith with the assistance of a harbour pilot,
Despite some minor incidents onboard Olympic, Smith was again appointed in command of the greatest steamship when RMS Titanic left Southampton for her maiden voyage. Although some sources state that he had decided to retire after completing the Titanic’s maiden voyage, an article in the Halifax Morning Chronicle on 9 April 1912 stated that Smith would remain in charge of the Titanic “until the Company (White Star Line) completed a larger and finer steamer.”
A Complete Titanic TEACHING UNIT
Bruce Ismay was adamant that Smith would be captain of Titanic as he possessed a man’s look and demeanour to captain the greatest ship in the world. On paper, it must have seemed incredibly easy to take control of the world’s first unsinkable ship/
What was his role in the sinking of the Titanic?
Captain, Edward J. Smith, had been napping in the chart room after leaving the orders: “If it becomes at all doubtful, let me know at once.”
He awoke from the vibration of the impact and headed to the bridge. Looking at his first officer, he asked: “What have we struck?” “An iceberg, sir “, was the reply.
Captain Smith summoned the ship’s carpenter Thomas Andrews, one of Titanic’s designers from Harland & Wolff Shipbuilders. Andrews was travelling on Titanic’s maiden voyage to work out any “bugs” that might occur with the new liner. Both men were asked to conduct a visual inspection to access the ship’s damage and report back.
Minutes later, Captain Smith was all too aware of his ship’s fate and equally aware that his ship’s lifeboat accommodations were far fewer than the number of passengers and crew on board. For the first time in nearly 40 years at sea, Smith would give the orders to abandon ship. He expressed to his officers the necessity of calmness and order in the evacuation. His orders were to see that the crew informed everyone on board and reported to the boat deck with their lifebelts on. The order was given to swing out the boats.
Was Edward Smith at fault?
It is an undeniable fact that Titanic Captain Edward Smith is the single most responsible person on board the vessel and it is his primary role to get all passengers to their destination safely.
However, there were also many events outside of his control that led to Titanic’s demise for which he can claim partial responsibility for his involvement.
History will show in hindsight that there was much he could have done to ensure the Titanic was operating at the highest levels of safety and efficiency but during the ship’s actual sinking he performed all duties expected of a highly professional captain of the day.
It is a complicated question that yields multiple opinions.
How did Captain Smith Spend his last moments?
It is unclear how Captain Edward Smith died on the night of the sinking.
According to some historians and Robert Ballard’s book, The Discovery of the Titanic, Captain Smith was on the bridge at 2.13 am, seven minutes before the Titanic disappeared beneath the waves, and went down with the ship.
Sources state Smith wandered off to the ship’s wheelhouse, while others say he was actively present in the radio room. Working near collapsible B, Junior Marconi Officer Harold Bride reported seeing Smith dive into the sea from the open bridge minutes before the final plunge began.
One story states he carried a child to the overturned collapsible B after the sinking and swam off to freeze in the water. According to the documentary Titanic: Death of a Dream, that story is generally considered romantic fiction. Likened to another belief that his last statement to the crew, “Be British” That stirring sentiment also adorns a plaque to the Captain in Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent.
Like so many others Smith’s body was never recovered.